Watching drones flying around brings an exciting feeling, more so if you are controlling one. These mechanically controlled toys provide a relaxing feeling and divert your attention to a more enjoyable activity. But some fanatics would meticulously look into their gadgets and start wondering how drones really work. It would be much more exciting if you could build your own drone that could fly around if you wanted to relax or past the time.
So what are the steps in creating a drone? You can see tons of videos on social media platforms about how people go over their limits to create their own versions of drones, and they are really exciting to watch. You can learn a lot from them if you decide to build a drone. Here are steps that you can follow to build your own drone.
Create and design the frame
The first step that you need to do is to construct the frame. Frames are typically made of light materials that can carry the weight of the propellers. A frame can be a thin, laminated plate made of high-impact plastic. It should also be aerodynamic, which means that the flow of air should be seamless once it passes through the frame.
Make sure that you also consider the size of the drone. You could look into some do-it-yourself videos about measurements to create the perfect frame. An X-shaped drone will require motors placed perpendicular to one another so that the drone can achieve equal flight axes.
Work on the motors of the drone
There are different types of motors that you can use for your drone. But the most common type is the electric actuator or cylinder. Electric actuators are components that convert energy into mechanical motion. These can be the motors of your drone. You can drill holes on the frame to attach the motors and fix them with screws.
You can also order a frame from an online shop, and you do not need to worry about drilling holes on the frame. It has mounts already prepared for screws for an easy fix. You can refer to tutorial videos to give you the proper steps.
Attach other components on the frame
Attach an electronic speed controller (ESC) to the frame. This is important because the ESC allows you to control and regulate the speed of the motor. This gives you complete control of your drone so that it achieves proper flight. Then you can add a camera at the bottom of the frame. There are different types of cameras that you can use, but make sure to choose the right size for the frame. You might also want to consider the weight of the camera to give the drone an easy and better lift.
Add flight software and a flight controller
Any drones or flying machines need to have a flight controller. This serves as your connection to the drone, giving you the flight navigation that you want. It gives you control over strong winds and other discrepancies above the ground. For the drone to take flight properly, you need a flight controller. Flight software is also essential, as it helps the controller to map the area. Flight software also includes a lot of features for easy navigation. There are many flight software options online that you could choose from.
Attach landing gear
Landing gear systems provide safety for the drone. Landing gear can keep your flying machine from breaking if it lands on a rocky surface. A landing gear system also protects other gadgets attached to the drone and provides load support. But landing gear might not work completely. It would depend on how you operate the drone. But it mainly keeps your drone in good shape.
Find a solid area on the drone and fix the landing gear with screws. You may also put adhesive on the landing gear to make sure that it will not wiggle from vibrations during flight.
Once you are done with the steps, make sure to test the drone. Find a clear and spacious area to perform a test flight. A grassy vacant lot is perfect, as it allows the drone to land on smooth ground and avoid unnecessary accidents. This first test gives you an idea whether your drone will need some improvement or whether there are parts that you need to replace. Check if all the components are properly attached and are working perfectly. If everything is fully functional, you can paint your drone, following any design of your choice.